[Air-l] Origins of ICT
tkennedy at netwomen.ca
Mon Apr 11 13:07:34 PDT 2005
Maybe something helpful below regarding ICT
Tracy L. M. Kennedy
PhD Candidate -
Department of Sociology
Graduate Fellow -
Knowledge Media & Design Institute
Research Associate -
NetLab - Centre for Urban & Community Studies
University of Toronto
725 Spadina Ave.
Toronto, ON M5S 2J4
tkennedy at netwomen.ca
History if Information Technology:
Definitions of Information technology (IT) on the Web:
Includes all matters concerned with the furtherance of computer science and
technology and with the design, development, installation, and
implementation of information systems and applications [San Diego State
University]. An information technology architecture is an integrated
framework for acquiring and evolving IT to achieve strategic goals. It has
both logical and technical components. Logical components include mission,
functional and information requirements, system configurations, and
information flows. Technical components include IT standards and rules that
will be used to implement the logical architecture.
acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of all types of
information using computer technology and telecommunication systems
Computer hardware and software; voice, data, network, satellite and other
telecommunications technologies; and multimedia and application development
tools. These technologies are used for the input, storage, processing, and
communication of information.
Any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, that is
used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management,
movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or
reception of data or information. The term information technology includes
computers, ancillary equipment, software, firmware and similar procedures,
services (including support services), and related resources.
Modern high- throughput technologies are providing vast amounts of sequence,
expression, and functional data for genes and proteins. One of the most
difficult challenges is turning this enormous pool of information into
useful scientific insight and novel therapeutic products. Faster discovery
of more effective drugs is plausible with the integration of biological,
chemical, and clinical information. Sophisticated high- performance
information technology (IT) solution architectures- infrastructures and
applications- are needed to collect, store, analyze, manage, and share the
enormous amount of data that is being created. Dr. Srini Chari, IBM Corp. "
An Information Technology Solution Architecture and Framework for Life
Sciences" Genome Tri- Conference: Human Genome Discovery Feb. 25- 27, 2002
Santa Clara CA
The hardware and software that processes information, regardless of the
technology involved, whether computers, telecommunications, or others.
computer communications, networks, and information systems that enable
exchanges of digital objects. Technologie de l'information
The technology included in hardware and software used for information,
regardless of the technology involved, whether computers, communications,
micro graphics, or others.
The use of modern technology to handle information - it basically means
using a computer to do stuff.
General term used to describe technologies that help produce, manipulate,
store, communicate, or disseminate information.
Includes both hardware and software. Use this term when the use of
information technology is the underlying driver of the "interesting" feature
or of the organization's profitability or productivity. This term can
include computer modeling, simulation, innovative uses of A.I., automated
knowledge discovery, data mining, data warehousing. (Technology)
is a term that encompasses all forms of technology used to create, store,
exchange, and use information in its various forms (business data, voice
conversations, still images, motion pictures, multimedia presentations, and
other forms, including those not yet conceived). A convenient term for
including both telephony and computer technology in the same word, IT is the
technology that is driving what has often been called "the information
revolution." IT includes matters concerned with furthering computer science
and technology, design, development, installation, and implementation of
information systems and applications.
Also often called ICT (Information and Communications Technology) and C and
IT (Communication and Information Technologies). The broad subject concerned
with all aspects of managing and processing information, on databases or in
libraries, especially within large organisations.
IT encompasses all forms of technology used to create, store, exchange, and
use information in its various forms (e.g. business data, voice
conversations, still images, motion pictures and multimedia presentations).
The relation of technology, or automation, to Information Management
Information Technology (sometimes called IT) is a term that covers all forms
of technology used to create, store, transmit, interpret, and manipulate
information in its various formats.
The broad subject concerned with all aspects of managing and processing
information, especially within a large organization or company. Because
computers are central to information management, computer departments within
companies and universities are often called IT departments. Some companies
refer to this department as IS (Information Services) or MIS (Management
Information Services). Many companies are discovering that it is more
cost-effective to outsource these departments.
the hardware and software operated by a Federal agency or by a contractor of
a Federal agency or other organization that processes information on behalf
of the Federal Government to accomplish a Federal function (OMB Circular
Electronic equipment that stores, sends, retrieves, or manages information.
It includes computers, networks, electronic databases, CD-ROMs, laserdiscs,
video cameras, tape-recorders, and fax machines.
Term that encompasses all forms of technology used to create, store,
exchange, and manipulate information in its various forms (business data,
voice input, still images, motion pictures, multimedia presentations, and
other forms including those not yet conceived). The term is often used for
encompassing both telephony and computer technology together. Information
Technology is driving what has often been called "the information
(Technologie de l'information) - Information technology refers to the
scientific, technological and engineering disciplines as well as to the
management technologies used in information handling, communication and
processing, their applications and associated software and equipment and
The wide range of electronic devices and tools used to acquire, record,
store, transfer, or transform data or information.
The application of science to the processing of data according to programmed
instructions in order to derive results. In the widest sense, IT includes
all information and all technology; in a much narrower sense,
telecommunications technology is excluded - or for some particular reason
needs to be emphasised. See also Information and Communications Technology.
A term used to refer collectively to all forms of computer related
Computer and communications hardware and software used to automate and
augment clerical, administrative, and management tasks in organizations.
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