[Air-l] New book, 2 papers + thesis on opensource.mit.edu|freesoftware.mit.edu

Karim R. Lakhani lakhani at MIT.EDU
Mon Apr 18 11:44:52 PDT 2005

<apologies in advance for any x-posting>

Hello All,

We have received one book, two papers and a thesis as contributions to
our community site this month.  Many thanks to all the authors that have
made their submissions.

See you all soon!



von Hippel, Eric

Democratizing Innovation (MIT Press, 2005)

Innovation is rapidly becoming democratized. Users, aided by
improvements in computer and communications technology, increasingly can
develop their own new products and services. These innovating
users--both individuals and firms--often freely share their innovations
with others, creating user-innovation communities and a rich
intellectual commons. In Democratizing Innovation, Eric von Hippel looks
closely at this emerging user-centered innovation system. He explains
why and when users find it profitable to develop new products and
services for themselves, and why it often pays users to reveal their
innovations freely for the use of all. The trend toward democratized
innovation can be seen in software and information products--most
notably in the free and open-source software movement--but also in
physical products. He shows that product and service development is
concentrated among "lead users," who are ahead on marketplace trends and
whose innovations are often commercially attractive. Von Hippel argues
that manufacturers should redesign their innovation processes and
systematically seek out innovations developed by users. User innovation
has a positive impact on social welfare, and von Hippel proposes that
government policies, including R&D subsidies and tax credits, should be
realigned to eliminate biases against it. An electronic version of this
book is available under a Creative Commons license.

Paper 1

Boettiger, Sara & Dan L. Burk

Open Source Patenting
The open source and free software movements have used self-perpetuating
copyright licenses to maintain open access to publicly distributed
software. This model of licensing has now migrated to the field of
biotechnology, where patents rather than copyrights dominate proprietary
rights. Consequently, a model for open source patenting or free
biotechnology presents a constellation of legal issues not typically
found in previous open source licensing. This paper discusses several of
these issues, including the nature of the rights transferred, the
activities that may trigger the terms of the license, and the legal
prohibitions on certain forms of licensing.

Paper 2

Lin, Yuwei

Hybrid Innovation - How Does the Collaboration Between the FLOSS
Community and Corporations Happen?

Unlike innovation based on a strong professional culture involving close
collaboration between professionals in academia and/or corporations, the
current Free/Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) development entails a
global knowledge network, which consists of 1) a heterogeneous community
of individuals and organisations who do not necessarily have
professional backgrounds in computer science but competent skills to
understand programming and working in a public domain; 2) corporations.
This paper highlights the importance of the hybrid form of developing
and implementing software, and also identifies several key factors
shaping the collaboration between OSS firms and the community.

Undergraduate Thesis
Greenberg, Robert
Open Source Software Development

This paper examines applies basic economic theory to Open Source
Software Development. Through examination of rational actor behavior I
show why economically motivated individuals and firms choose to develop
code that to be given away freely. It also examines the various Open
Source licenses, including the two most common, the Free Software
Foundation’s General Public License (GPL) and Berkeley Software
Distribution (BSD) License. Included are case studies to illustrate the
workings of Open Source Software projects and how profit seeking firms
have attached themselves to them. These case studies include the Apache
Web Server, Mozilla, IBM, Microsoft’s Shared Source Initiative, and Red
Hat. The associated business plans are also discussed. An executive
summary precedes the paper and a glossary is attached to the end.
Karim R. Lakhani
MIT Sloan | The Boston Consulting Group
Mobile: +1 (617) 851-1224
http://web.mit.edu/lakhani/www | http://opensource.mit.edu

More information about the Air-L mailing list