[Air-l] Barriers to participation?

Caroline Haythornthwaite haythorn at uiuc.edu
Wed Feb 21 07:04:09 PST 2007


Also looking at online learners, this paper describes barriers to online 
participation, bringing that together under three main ideas ('radicals'). 
 /Caroline


Bregman, A. & Haythornthwaite, C. (2003). Radicals of presentation: Visibility, 
relation, and co-presence in persistent conversation. New Media and Society, 5
(1), 117-140. 

---- Original message ----
>Date: Tue, 20 Feb 2007 21:17:18 -0800 (PST)
>From: "Denise N. Rall" <denrall at yahoo.com>  
>Subject: Re: [Air-l] Barriers to participation?  
>To: air-l at listserv.aoir.org
>
>Dear Angelina -
>
>
>Palloff, R. M., & Pratt, K. 1999. Building learning
>communities in cyberspace: Effective strategies for
>the online classroom. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
>
>These folks describe some of the barriers to
>participating in virtual communities. Here's the gist
>of one researcher from my thesis:
>
>"As lessons from the virtual classroom indicate, not
>all students who participate in online communities are
>successful in developing online personae (see below). 
>Pratt describes the considerable skill set required
>for online identity formation as the following:
>•the ability to carry on an internal dialogue in order
>to formulate responses
>•the creation of a semblance of privacy both in terms
>of the space from which the person communicates and
>the ability to create an internal sense of privacy
>•the ability to deal with emotional issues in textual
>form
>•the ability to create a mental picture of the partner
>in the communication process
>•the ability to create a sense of presence online
>through the personalization of communications (Pratt
>1996: 119-120).
>Pratt, K. 1996. The electronic personality
>[unpublished thesis]. The Human Organization Systems
>Program, Fielding Graduate Institute, Santa Barbara,
>CA.
>
>Old stuff but -- will set up the dynamics for barriers
>to learning.
>
>I suspect you are looking at the technology as a
>barrier.  Pallof & Pratt look at the personality
>attributes of the user/learner as the barrier. 
>As lessons from the virtual classroom indicate, not
>all students who participate in online communities are
>successful in developing online personae (see below). 
>Pratt describes the considerable skill set required
>for online identity formation as the following:
>•	the ability to carry on an internal dialogue in
>order to formulate responses
>•	the creation of a semblance of privacy both in terms
>of the space from which the person communicates and
>the ability to create an internal sense of privacy
>•	the ability to deal with emotional issues in textual
>form
>•	the ability to create a mental picture of the
>partner in the communication process
>•	the ability to create a sense of presence online
>through the personalization of communications (Pratt
>1996: 119-120).
>
>Steve Jones also noted:  “The extent to which people
>use [the internet] as a means to invent new personas,
>to recreate their own identities, or engage in a
>combination of the two and the ways in which they do
>so are issues central to the construction of a
>computer-mediated social world” (Jones, S. 1997:156). 
>
>
>Cheers. Denise
>
>
>Steve Jones noted:  “The extent to which people use
>[the internet] as a means to invent new personas, to
>recreate their own identities, or engage in a
>combination of the two and the ways in which they do
>so are issues central to the construction of a
>computer-mediated social world” (Jones, S. 1997:156).  
>
>Denise N. Rall, PhD thesis, "Locating four pathways to 
>internet scholarship" School of Env. Science, Southern Cross University, 
Lismore NSW 2480 AUSTRALIA 
>Tues: Room T2.17, +61 (0)2 6620 3577 Mobile 0438 233 344 
>http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/rsm/staff/pages/drall/
>Virtual member, Cybermetrics Group, University of Wolverhampton, UK
>http://cybermetrics.wlv.ac.uk/index.html
>
>
> 
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----------------------------------------
Caroline Haythornthwaite
Associate Professor
Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
501 East Daniel St., Champaign IL 61820




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