[Air-l] PCs were invented in 1968

Monica Murero monica.murero at unifi.it
Sat Sep 11 13:03:39 PDT 2004

> article on the history of computing, from Einiac to
> Pentiums and wireless. Does anyone know of any?

Hi Berry and all, here some references:

Bootstrapping: Douglas Engelbart,  2000. Coevolution, and the  Origins of Personal Computing. Stanford, CA: Stanford University

Rheingold, Howard. 2000. Tools for Thought: The History and Future of Mind-Expanding Technology. 2nd Rev. ed: MIT Press.

Winston, Brian. 1998. Media technology & society: a history from the telegraph to the internet. London: Routledge

Smith, Douglas K., and Robert C. Alexander. 1988. Fumbling the Future: How Xerox invented, then ignored, the first personal
computer. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.

Reckoners : the prehistory of the digital computer, from relays to the stored program concept, 1935-1945 / Paul E. Ceruzzi

A history of modern computing; Ceruzzi, Paul E.

Pfaffenberger, Bryan (1988)  "The Social Meaning of the
Personal Computer: Or, Why the Personal Computer Revolution  was No Revolution".  Anthropological Quarterly, Vol 61, pp 39-47

Campbell-Kelly and Aspray: Computer: A History of the Information Machine

Fire in the Valley: The Making of the Personal Computer by Paul Freiberger & Michael Swaine (1984)

Tracy Kidder: The Soul of a New Machine

Hafner, Katie, and Matthew Lyon. 1998. Where wizards stay up late: the origins of the Internet. New York: Touchstone.

Janet Abbate: Inventing the Internet

Waldrop, M. Mitchell. 2001. The Dream Machine. J. C. R. Licklider and the Revolution That Made Computing Personal. New York:

Online Resources:



Usenet group alt.folklore.computers

I hope it helps .
Prof.  Monica Murero, PhD
Director,  E-Life International Institute
Professor in Communication and Media Integration

University of Florence MICC - Center of Excellence
for Media Integration and Communication
RAI Sede Regionale Toscana (III p.) Largo A. De Gasperi, 1 50136  Firenze  (Italy)
Tel. + 390 55 666 445
Fax + 390 55 666 465
E-mail: monica.murero at unifi.it

International Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR)
AoIR Executive Board - First Appointed Seat

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Barry Wellman" <wellman at chass.utoronto.ca>
To: "communication and information technology section asa" <citasa at mit.edu>; "aoir list" <air-l at aoir.org>
Sent: Saturday, September 11, 2004 8:26 PM
Subject: [Air-l] PCs were invented in 1968

> Yup, that's what a student in my first class (Tech & Society) told me. I
> forget if it was by John, Paul, Ringo or George.
> The comment made me realize that I should include in the syllabus a potted
> article on the history of computing, from Einiac to Pentiums and wireless.
> Does anyone know of any?
> And I will also include my personal 40 years of computing. (Which is both
> on my website, and at www.digibarn.com -- Bruce Damer's wonderful computer
> museum near Santa Cruz, Calif.
>  Barry
>  _____________________________________________________________________
>   Barry Wellman         Professor of Sociology        NetLab Director
>   wellman at chass.utoronto.ca  http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman
>   Centre for Urban & Community Studies          University of Toronto
>   455 Spadina Avenue    Toronto Canada M5S 2G8    fax:+1-416-978-7162
>      To network is to live; to live is to network
>  _____________________________________________________________________
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